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Recommended Cameras
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Serious DSLR Camera    People Camera    Pocket Cameras    

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Recommended Memory Cards

How to Spend $2,000   Best Camera under $50

Carry Less    Assembling a System   All Reviews

 

November 2014     more equipment reviews

B&H Photo - Video - Pro Audio

I use these stores. I can't vouch for ads below.

 

The Best Camera for Most Things

Nikon D3300

The Nikon D3300 and included 18-55mm VR II.

What camera do I suggest for my friends and family when they ask? What's the best camera that can handle every kind of photo situation, but still lightweight and at a reasonable price?

The Nikon D3300.

You can pay a lot more, but no camera does anything significantly better than the D3300 for most people's photography. Especially if you have kids in sports, a DSLR like the D3300 is a huge step up from a point-and-shoot or iPhone because it can zoom-in (especially with a telephoto lens) and focus fast enough to track all the action.

You can pay more for fancier cameras, but no camera takes better pictures than a D3300. The reason guys like me pay more for fancier cameras isn't for better pictures; it's for more controls and options that let us few who actually know how to use all these controls to get to them faster. The D3300 has the same adjustments, just that you'll more often have to use a menu to set them instead of a knob or button. If you shoot all day every day as I do, it's worth it, otherwise, there's no reason to pay more since most people have no idea what these other settings do.

The D3300 is far superior to any mirrorless, superzoom or compact camera because it's a real DSLR, meaning you view and the camera focuses live directly through the lens optically, not via an electronic screen. The D3300 focuses fast enough to catch people and kids doing anything in any light, while other kinds of cameras get lost hunting.

Sure, you can buy fancier DSLRs, but you don't need to unless you want to. The D3300 is the most basic DSLR sold today, and is all I'd ever need. Sure, feel free to pay more as I'll expand below (and many people do), but you're only buying more durability or convenience, not better pictures. Better pictures come from knowing how to take better pictures, not from a better camera.

If you already have a preference for Canon, the Canon SL1 is even a little bit smaller and equally excellent. The differences between the SL1 and D3300 are a matter of which fits your hands better or which has controls or menus that you personally might find more convenient. I prefer the D3300, but if you're already shooting Canon, the SL1 is also fantastic.

 

The Rest of My Recommendations Below

I start with normal camera recommendations for normal people who just want great pictures, then get to suggestions for dedicated photographers, and end with great gift suggestions.

Click the links (or photos) for detailed individual reviews.

If you find this page helpful, you can help me keep helping you by using these links to approved sources when you get anything, regardless of the country in which you live. Most of these places ship internationally, and if you are outside the USA, B&H Photo Video even has a calculator which shows the final, total cost to-your-door including taxes, shipping and duties before you complete the order.

I've been buying my own gear from Adorama and B&H Photo Video since the mid-1970s and have had nothing but great service and the lowest prices, which is why I recommend them so highly. Using these links costs you nothing (and probably saves you money), gets you the same great service I've enjoyed myself, and most importantly, is what helps me keep adding to this website for everyone's benefit.

Cameras have nothing to do with taking great pictures. To take great pictures, you have to know How to Take Great Pictures. If you know what you're doing, all a better camera does is make it easier, faster and more convenient to take great pictures.

The pictures you take depend on you, not on your camera. Just as your signature is uniquely your own no matter what sort of pen you use, it's the same with pictures and cameras. If you want to take better pictures, your efforts are better spent learning how to take better pictures, not in buying new cameras.

 

Best Serious Cameras (DSLRs)       top

DSLRs, Digital Single-Lens-Reflex cameras, are the best camera for shooting action and motion. For news, sports and action, it's always an SLR.

Nikon D7100

The Nikon D7100 and 50mm f/1.8 AF.

If you're the sort of person who's an accomplished photographer and reads this site everyday, then you'll appreciate the many extra external controls of the Nikon D7100.

The Nikon D7100 is better than anything else if you really know what you're doing, but bigger, more confusing and more expensive if you're not an expert. The photos are the same.

See Is It Worth It, which says that if you have the money, sure, go for the D7100, but if you don't, then don't worry and you'll LOVE the less expensive cameras. The biggest differences among these cameras is not technical picture quality (the pictures from these cameras are indistinguishable from each other), but how many knobs and buttons they have to allow skilled and experienced photographers to adjust the things that most people don't even understand. A more expensive camera does not take better pictures!

If you have the money, then the benefit of the D7100 is that it does everything just a little bit better. It is more pleasant to use because it has a bigger, brighter viewfinder, and everything works a little faster and more smoothly.

The difference between the D7100 and less expensive cameras is mostly in how pleasant it is to hold, to own, to use and to shoot.

I cover the larger Nikon D610 and other even more expensive DSLRs under more costly cameras. These are for special purposes; the D7100 is the best you can get overall, and the less expensive Nikon DSLRs like the D5300 that adds a swivel LCD screen are no slouch either.

 

Flash    more flash suggestions

While you're saving all this money over more expensive cameras, I suggest getting the Nikon SB-400 miniature external flash ($175 used). The D3300 and D7100 have built-in flashes, but this tiny external flash gives a lot more range, and most importantly, saves the camera's batteries and lets you shoot a lot faster because it recharges almost instantly after each shot. In-camera flashes drain the camera's battery and can take a long time to recycle after each shot.

more flash suggestions

 

Lenses    more lens suggestions

For most use, the 18-55mm VR II included with the D3300 is all you'll ever need.

For low-light, no-flash shooting, I use the Nikon 35mm f1.8 lens (about $197) instead. It's what I use most of the time. I zoom with my feet, and prefer its low-light abilities compared to a zoom.

The best telephoto lens for general photography and portraits is your choice of the inexpensive Nikon 55-200mm VR (about $250 or less) or the Nikon 55-300mm VR (about $400 or less). The difference is that the 55-300 can zoom-in closer than the 55-200; each works as well otherwise.

For action and sports, get the 70-300mm VR (about $587 or less), which focuses much faster. Full-time pros use the big and heavy 70-200mm f/2.8 VR II (about $2,400) mostly because it can take more of a beating, and it lets them shoot in dimmer light than the other lenses.

While not cheap, if you need wider than the excellent 18-55mm VR lens lens, the Nikon 10-24mm (about $810) is the one to get.

Hint: The Tokina 11-16mm f/2.8 II (about $525) is a great lens, and costs less. Tokina's 100mm f/2.8 Macro (about $400) is also a great lens, while most people prefer Nikon's current 105mm VR Macro (about $900). The catch with the Tokina macro won't autofocus on the less expensive DSLRs (the wide will focus on everything). If you want to save money with the Tokina lenses instead of Nikon, that could pay the difference in price between the D7100 and the D3300. See each review for details.

more lens suggestions

 

Best for People, Family & Travel    top

Fuji X100s

Fuji X100S.

For carrying everywhere, and for photographing people under any and every available lighting condition, there is no camera that compares with the Fuji X100S. It's what I carry everywhere with my family. It's not as good for sports (no zoom) and not as good for landscapes (less vivid colors) than the Nikon D3300, but for people photos in any light, the X100S is extraordinary.

The X100S is the smallest and lightest serious camera available (half the weight of a LEICA and a fraction of the size and weight of a pro DSLR), and also gives the best results for people pictures under every sort of crazy light you'll find people being people. It's low-light, auto fill-flash, auto ISO, auto WB and color rendition under difficult conditions is far better than any of my Canons, Nikons or LEICAs. Yes, I can get the same results after fiddling with my Nikon or Canon or LEICA for half an hour, but the Fuji X100S always nails the first shot in difficult light all by itself without fiddling, when means the Fuji gets my shot while I'd still be fiddling with one of the other cameras.

No camera captures life like the Fuji X100S, and it's so easy to carry everywhere around your neck since it's even smaller and lighter than the Nikon D3300.

All the pros I've talked to prefer their X100S to the LEICAs they used to shoot for reportage photography. The Fuji X100S is 60 years ahead of the LEICA M typ 240. The LEICA is great for nature and landscapes as I suggest below, but for the people shots that LEICA used to do best, today it's Fuji.

Last year's Fuji X100 is 99% the same thing as far as photography goes, just slower. If money matters, get a leftover or used X100.

 

Best Pocket Cameras       top

No compact camera, at any price, is fast enough for photos of people, pets, news and sports. If your friends stop to pose for your photos, pocket cameras are great, but if they're moving, you really want a true SLR like the Nikon D3300 above.

I always have a compact camera in my pocket to catch whatever happens around me. I use compact cameras for scenic photos, travel and landscapes, which hold still.

Hint: I get the wilder colors I prefer by setting all my Canon compact cameras to their "Vivid" modes. To do this, hit FUNC/SET, go down a couple of clicks to OFF, and click one to the right to VIVID. I usually prefer the look of outdoor photos when I set the +/- control to -2/3, which is also in the same set of controls depending on model. (details? ask at (800) OK-CANON.)

 

World's Best Digital Pocket Camera: $450

The Canon S120 is the newest and best.

If you want a bargain, the older Canon S110 is pretty much the same, and sells for much less.

The even older Canon S100 and Canon S95 are also quite similar, and also sell for bargain prices.

Canon S100

Canon S100. Dial controls, 3" full-height LCD, 24-120mm f/2 lens.

All these cameras have super-fast f/2 or f/1.8 lenses, for nice, clean images in any light.

These also have direct-control dials which let you adjust it for perfect photos every time. These dials are much easier and faster than the menus of other cameras.

These make much better, sharper video than a DSLR because these compacts focus better, and they have built-in dual microphone systems for full wrap-around s-t-e-r-e-o sound!

They fit in a pocket and have unbeaten image quality for compacts.

I love the $30 PSC-900 deluxe leather belt case. My belt slips through it, and then the case holds the S100 on my waist. It's very well made and a custom fit for the S100, with a magnetic catch. It's designed so it's fast and easy to get the camera in and out from the top.

See also my Canon S100 sample images. Pretty good, eh?

 

Posh Portable: $575       top

Canon G12

Canon G1 X. 3" flippy LCD, 28-112mm equiv. lens.

The Canon G1 X is a superb compact camera for landscapes, nature, outdoors and travel photography. Like all compacts, it's not fast enough for chasing moving subjects like sports and kids.

The G1 X has an extra-large sensor as large as a DSLR, and with its superb lens, gives technical quality the same as DSLRs — but it cannot focus anywhere near as fast.

There is also now a G1 X Mark II.

An inexpensive DSLR costs the same and works better for action and macro, but if you're loaded and want a smaller camera with a retractable lens, the Canon G1 X is it.

 

Flash       top

Nikon SB400

Nikon SB-400, about $175.

Nikon

Built-in flashes are excellent, but can't be pointed to bounce off the ceiling to improve your indoor photos. I own more expensive flashes, but I almost always use my SB-400 instead.

Even if you don't bounce it, the SB-400 lets you shoot faster since it recharges much faster than the built-in flash. I use my SB-400 even on my more expensive Nikons. It's that good.

If you want a larger flash to get more range or to bounce sideways, the Nikon SB-700 is my favorite. It's still reasonably sized.

The huge SB-910 is too big unless you really need all that power as a full-time journalist or or sports shooter.

 

Canon

For Canon, my favorite daily-use flash is the small 320EX, or the older Canon 220EX.

If you want a larger flash to get more range, the Canon 430EX II is my favorite. It's smaller and easier-to-use than bigger flashes and just works great.

The huge Canon 600EX RT is intended for full-time journalist or wedding shooters who use several of them in multiple portable flash setups.

 

Straps       top

I never use the strap that comes with the camera.

See Straps for strap suggestions.

 

Tripods       top

With a digital camera with Image Stabilization or VR, there's no need for a tripod. I only use a tripod for very long time exposures made at low ISOs.

My recommendation on tripods is not to bother with one, or if you must, get something so small and light that you won't mind carrying it. Even if it seems wiggly, it's still good enough to hold your camera so long as you're not trying to wiggle it while you're taking the picture. So long as it's strong enough to hold up your camera, it's strong enough. A tripod left behind because you don't want to carry it is just getting in the way.

When I do use a tripod, I use the lightest one I can find, a $45 Dolica AX620B100 which I always carry in my trunk. It's all-metal, and lighter than any of the far more expensive brands that advertise like crazy, only 2.5 pounds total for head and legs. Companies that spend money on advertising and sponsoring big-name photographers aren't spending that money on making me a better tripod, so I'll stick with Dolica where we get a much better tripod for less money. (When looking at more expensive tripods, remember that the dollar and weight specifications are usually only for a head or for the legs sold separately.)

The Dolica AX620B100 has padded, adjustable-angle legs with rubber feet and or spikes, and includes a ball-head with a quick-release, a compass, a level, a center column with hook, and a nice padded shoulder-strap case in its low price!

The Dolica AX620B100 is a premium product, complete with loads of nice extras (like the case) usually sold separately with more heavily-advertised brands.

If you want a bigger, stronger and even nicer tripod (I don't), the amazing $130 Dolica ZX600B300 is carbon-fibre is also a steal, weighing 3.8 pounds with padded non-rotating adjustable-angle legs, a ball-head with a quick-release, non-rotating center column with hook, and a nice padded case with shoulder strap. It's super light and super solid.

My Dolica ZX600B300 carbon-fibre has more features and advanced design than my other two real Gitzo tripods. (Gitzo of France no longer exists, even though the name survives for marketing; they got bought out by tripod conglomerate Vinten and now are merely just another Vinten brand made in some other factory.)

I bought my original Gitzo 1228 carbon-fibre in 1995 and a smaller metal G106 Gitzo in 1997 for travel, both of which have legs that rotate making them harder to lock. My new Dolica ZX600B300 has legs that don't rotate so it's much faster to open and close them.

My Dolica ZX600B300 has a spring-loaded center-column hook that retracts automatically (my $500 Gitzo carbon-fibre hook doesn't retract, and is broken anyway), and the Dolica is extremely solid, much more steady than my smaller metal Gitzo G106 that weighs more!

Not a bargain, but I use my existing Novoflex Mini Magic Ball I used to use on my Gitzo G106 on my Dolica ZX600B300. Quick releases are a pain; I prefer the instant access and simplicity of my MagicBall. I use it for travel, and I use a huge Bogen Manfrotto 3275 410 Geared Head on my big Gitzo 1228 in the studio sometimes.

All in all, my Dolica AX620B100 is all I carry with me, and I use it with its included head. No, it's not the sturdiest if I'm going to bang on it during exposure, but I don't jiggle the camera while shooting and this way I need not lug a heavier tripod. Done.

The key is to have a tripod light enough and in a convenient case so that we'll actually take it out and use it. Heavier tripods left back in your trunk are useless.

For you guys who use tripods a lot, the Dolica ZX600B300 carbon-fibre is the new standard for nice triploids done right at the right price. It's bigger and tougher than the Dolica AX620B100, but also a bit heavier and more expensive, too.

For $15, the Aiptek ZAC-STL-5 Tripod is a bargain for a spare emergency tripod. I wouldn't expect it to hold up under regular use, but as an inexpensive tripod to hide away for when you need it, or one light enough to take everywhere in case you need it, for $15 you can't go wrong.

 

Filters       top

I prefer to leave a Hoya UV filter on every lens to protect it from damage.

I'll also always carry a graduated neutral-density filter only for shooting into a sunrise or sunset.

I rarely use a polarizer, and when I do, it's to cut through long-distance haze. The best polarizers on Earth are the Hoya HD Polarizers. They are expensive, but you'll be using your polarizing filter on many lenses in the future; filters don't go obsolete. I'm still using the previous model Hoya polarizer I got back in the 1990s!

I prefer the Tiffen HT graduated filters. They are also expensive, but I'm still using the Tiffen grads I bought back in the 1990s as well.

Filters last forever; don't be cheap.

More at Filters.

 

Advanced Lenses         top

Low-Light   Far-Away   Wide-Angles   Do-It-All   

DX Dream Team

FX Lenses

You can stop here. You don't need any more lenses. The lens that came with your camera is all you really need.

The Nikon D3300, its kit lens, and maybe a separate flash, are all anyone really needs for anything. If you want to go whole-hog, I see no reason ever to need to buy anything other than the DX Dream Team lenses.

I go on vacations for a week at a time with my D7100, one lens and an SB-400 flash, and never miss anything. In fact, I love not having to carry more gear!

If you have special needs, or need a lens for a camera which sells without a lens, keep reading.

Long term, it's always better to spend money on lenses instead of digital cameras. Any of these lenses will work great on any fancier camera. Cameras drop in price and go obsolete every year, while lenses can stay current for decades, and their prices usually go up.

 

Low-Light without Flash       top

Nikon 35mm f/1.8

Nikon 35mm f/1.8 AF-S (52mm filters, 6.95 oz./197.0g, about $197).

The fast f/1.8 aperture of this $197 lens lets it capture three times as much light as any $1,800 f/2.8 zoom, and five to ten times as much light as any other more reasonable zoom lens. Not bad for $197!

I usually use just this lens all day instead of a zoom because it lets me shoot indoors without flash, without a problem! If I need to shoot closer or father away, I simply move forward or back.

Because it gathers so much more light than zoom lenses, my cameras don't have to shoot at such a high ISO or slow shutter speed, so I can take great photos in bad light.

I'd suggest everyone who shoots indoors or in dim light get one of these lenses, since its a wonderful lens with a wonderful price. It works on all DX cameras.

 

Far-Away Things       top

An 18-55mm VR II and imagination is all anyone needs to make great portraits. Imagination is the important part, with which any lens will do, and without imagination, any lens will make awful portraits.

The only reason for longer lenses is if you can't get close enough, like to kids on stage or playing sports on the field.

For wildlife photography, the best pictures aren't made with expensive telephotos; they are made by carefully sneaking up on the animals.

It's always better to get closer and use the regular lens, but if you can't, here are my suggestions. All of these lenses are super sharp and zoom and focus well, the difference is in what you want to do with them not just today, but tomorrow, too.

 

Nikon 55-200mm VR

Nikon 55-200mm VR (52mm filters, 11.805 oz./334.6g, about $250).

This is my favorite telephoto for DX cameras. It's inexpensive, high performance and light weight.

 

Nikn 55-300mm

Nikon 55-300mm VR (58mm filters, 18.6 oz./529g, about $400).

If you prefer, you can spend more for the 55-300mm VR to get longer range and a metal lens mount. Otherwise, it's the same as the 55-200mm VR.

 

Nikon 70-300mm VR

Nikon 70-300mm VR (67mm filters, 26.3oz/745g, about $590).

If you want to get serious shooting sports, get the bigger, longer more serious Nikon 70-300mm VR lens which autofocuses much faster than the two above.

If you want this 70-300mm VR lens, don't balk at the price. Unlike cameras, lenses stay current for ten years at a time. Unlike the 55-200mm VR, which only works with DX cameras, the 70-300mm VR also works on professional FX and film cameras if you upgrade later.

 

Nikon 70-200mm VR II

Nikon 70-200mm f/2.8 VR II (77mm filters, 54.3 oz./1,540g, about $2,400).

If you really want to get serious for indoor sports and theater, the world's standard professional telephoto zoom is the Nikon 70-200mm f/2.8 VR II. It works in much lower light than the 70-300mm VR above. It works flawlessly on less expensive cameras.

You're paying much more because this lens is ideal for shooting sports at night and stage indoors, and also because it's a heavy metal professional beast.

I carry the 70-300mm VR for my FX or film cameras, or the Nikon 55-200mm VR if I'm carrying a DX camera.

 

Nikon 28-300mm VR

Nikon 28-300mm VR.

As of 2014, for FX and 35mm film, I bring my 28-300mm VR instead of any of these other teles. I prefer the convenience of not having to bring a normal zoom as well.

 

Wide Angles: Getting Closer       top

Tokina 11-16mm

Tokina 11-16mm f/2.8 DX II (77mm filters, 19.3 oz./548g, about $525).

 

Nikon 10-24mm

Nikon 10-24mm DX (77mm filters, 16.3 oz./463g, about $820).

 

Nikon 16-35mm

Nikon 16-35mm FX (77mm filters, 23.9 oz./678g, about $1,257).

I'm a sucker for ultra-wide lenses, but they take a lot of skill to use properly.

Ultra-wide lenses are not for "getting it all in." They are for letting you get closer and therefore creating stronger images.

For FX and 35mm cameras, the Nikon 16-35mm is the world standard for ultrawide performance.

If an 18-55mm lens isn't wide enough, my favorite for all Nikon DX camera is Nikon's 10-24mm DX. For $200 less, the Tokina 11-16mm II is also very good.

 

Do-Everything Lenses       top

For day-to-day use, I prefer the 50mm f/1.8 for my 35mm and FX cameras, and either that or the 35mm f/1.8 DX lens for my DX cameras. I move a few steps to frame my photo, and Voilà, perfect pictures. I carry these small lenses when I'm spending more time carrying my camera than using it.

For people who want to carry just one lens, and don't mind the extra weight, slower speed and much higher cost, the lenses I often use when I'm out on a serious photo trips are:

Nikn 18-200mm VR II

Nikon 18-200mm VR II DX (72mm filters, 19.9oz/565g, about $850).

For DX cameras, Nikon's 18-200mm VR II has been the top do-it-all lens since it came out in 2005. Except for low-light action or crazy-wide angles, the 18-200mm does everything I need in DX. It covers every reasonable focal length, has vibration-reduction so you can forget the tripod, and you can get instant manual-focus override just by flipping the focus ring.

Today's -II version is the same as the original, with a zoom lock at 18mm I never use anyway.

 

Nikn 28-300mm VR

Nikon 28-300mm VR (77mm filters, 28.1 oz./796g, about $940).

For FX and 35mm cameras, Nikon's 28-300mm VR does everything except for action in low-light or crazy-wide angles. The 28-300 also covers every reasonable focal length, has vibration-reduction so you can forget the tripod, and you can get instant manual-focus override just by flipping the focus ring. It is about 25% bigger in every dimension from the 18-200mm; I'm showing them at the same size for detail.

With the 28-300mm VR, I can dump all my other lenses into the lake; the 28-300 is perfect for 99% of what I do on serious photo outings. The tiny 50mm f/1.8 is what I prefer to carry day-to-day, and the 28-300 is the ticket for serious all-day shooting.

 

More Nikon Lenses       top

I have pages and pages devoted to Nikon lens reviews and suggestions.

For FX and film, Nikon has made fantastic lenses ever since the 1950s, many of which are available for almost free, used.

See Recommended Nikon FX lenses, the Nikon FX Dream Team, Nikon D3 Lens Suggestions, and Nikon FX Cheapskate Lenses for suggestions.

 

Canon Lenses       top

Canon lens reviews

Canon makes a zillion lenses, but I only use a couple for my full-frame Canon cameras. (I prefer the Nikons for small-format (DX) digital.)

When photographing my family, I use a 50mm f/1.8 II (or 50mm f/1.2 L), and that's it: just one lens, period.

If out on a dedicated photo trip, I also bring one wide lens and one tele zoom:

My favorite wides for Canon are either the 17-40mm L (for light weight and bargain price) or 16-35mm L II (wider and faster). For lighter weight or lower price, just get the Canon EF 20mm f/2.8 USM and you're done. The fixed 20mm is as sharp or sharper than the "L" zooms, but Canon doesn't want you to know that.

My favorite Canon tele is the Canon 70-200mm f/4 L IS. It's ultra sharp, extremely well made, has image stabilization for hand-held shots in the dark, and it's small and light. The f/2.8 Canon teles are for 35mm film; the higher ISO speeds of digital make carrying all that weight for one extra stop foolish.

That's it. I put the camera around my neck, and if I'm on a dedicated photo trip, maybe have a bag with me with just two more lenses. See also Carry Less.

If it's very dark, and/or if I grab my Canon EF 20mm f/2.8 USM instead of a wide zoom, I look for excuses to bring my beloved Canon EF 35mm f/1.4 L. The Canon 35/1.4 is so good you've got to get one while you still can. If I bring the 35/1.4 with me, I usually only pull it out for walking around at night, and leave the rest elsewhere. See also Assembling a System.

 

Costlier options       top

No one, not even me who uses his cameras all day long, needs anything better than a D3300.

I own fancier cameras because they make it even easier to do fringe-element things, like burn away at 10 frames per second for sports. No one needs this, but if you have the cash or use cameras so much that even little improvements are appreciated, go for it. See also Is It Worth It.

 

Canon 5D Mark III: $3,400       top

Canon 5D Mark III

Canon 5D Mark III

The Canon 5D Mark III is the world's best DSLR. I report on every camera, and when I actually need great photos, I grab my 5D Mk III.

I love my 5D Mk III over all my Nikons and LEICAs because it handles and feels so much better. My images always look great, and the 5D MK III always feels fantastic in my hands. Not only does the 5D Mk III feel better, it always takes fewer clicks to set what I want, it shoots more quietly, and while its LCD seems the same on paper, in reality it's actually much bigger than on my Nikons — and the Auto Brightness control of my 5D Mk III works great, unlike all my other DSLRs.

The 5D Mark III replaces the 5D Mark II which replaced the old 5D, which was introduced in 2005. The old 5D was also the king of landscape and nature photography, and to be honest, if you can find a deal on an old 5D, it's a bigger pain to use with a dreadful LCD, but also gives spectacular results.

For less money, many people prefer the Canon 6D, which also adds GPS and Wi-Fi in exchange for a few features removed.

 

Nikon D610: $1,900       top

Nikon D610

Nikon D610.

The Nikon D610 is my favorite Nikon, if price and weight doesn't matter. The D610 is a D7100 with a larger sensor and viewfinder.

I prefer the D610 or D7100 to the more heavier and more expensive D800, D800E and D4 because the D610's and D7100's ergonomics are far superior, and the images are the same or better.

Honestly, the biggest difference between full-frame (FX) in the D610 and the smaller DX sensor of the D7100 is that the D610 viewfinder is bigger. The pictures are as good; the difference being that you get more depth-of-field with the D7100, or more subject isolation (narrower depth of field) with the D610. Either works great at high ISOs and the D610 and D7100 have the same resolution.

 

The Best Way to Spend $2,000      top

A reader asks how I'd spend two thousand dollars on a camera.

My response is honestly:

LEICA M3 and dedicated LEICAMETER MR-4.

50mm f/2 SUMMICRON mit close-focus range.

All this sells for under $1,000 if you know How to Win at Ebay.

Spend $30 of what's left on a copy of The Art of Photography, and give the rest away to the needy. The M3 may need a trip to Gus for an overhaul, but that still leave lots of money left over.

 

If you want digital, then I'd spend the two grand on:

Nikon D7100 ($1,150, body only)

35/1.8 DX ($199)

SB-400 ($175)

I never use other lenses with my D7100. If I did, we've got $476 left, so I'd get a 55-200 VR for $250 (or $160 refurbished.) Spend $30 of what's left on a copy of The Art of Photography, and give the rest away to the needy.

 

The Best Camera for under $50      top

See my separate The Best Digital Camera for under $50 page.

 

Film Cameras       top

How to Shoot Film.

Digital is fun, but photographers shoot film, also known as the real raw format.

With RealRaw, you both have the actual image captured on film forever, and it's easy to get digital files if you want them, too.

Here are some of my favorites.

Prices are without lenses, and these are all available used at eBay if no longer sold new.

 

Nikon F6 $2,450       top

Nikon F6

Nikon F6 (2004-today) with Nikon 50mm f/1.4 AF-D.

Shot on 35mm film, the F6 gives digital images of equal 24MP resolution to the D3X, with better color and dynamic range.

It also weighs and costs much less than a D3x.

Other favorite Nikon 35mm cameras available used are the Nikon FA, the indomitable Nikon F4 and Nikon F5. The Nikon N75 is a fly-weight, high performance AF camera.

 

LEICA M3: $1,000       top

LEICA M3

LEICA M3 (1954-1967) with LEICA SUMMILUX 50mm f/1.4.

As of 2011, the LEICA M3 is still the world's best 35mm camera.

 

Nikon FM3a: $600       top

Nikon FM3a

Nikon FM3a (2001-2006) with Nikon 50mm f/1.4 AI-s.

Nikon's FM3a is an absolutely brilliant camera.

It just shoots, with no backtalk.

 

Nikon FE: $95       top

Nikon FE

Nikon FE (1978-1983) with Nikon 50mm f/1.4 AI-s.

The Nikon FE is 99% the same as the FM3a, for a lot less money.

 

Canon AE-1 Program: $75       top

Canon AE-1 Program

Canon AE-1 Program (1981-) and Canon FD 50mm f/1.8.

The Canon AE-1 Program is one of my very favorite manual-focus Canon FD cameras, and it sells used for next to nothing. Everything on it just works, as opposed to more expensive Canons, like the New F-1, that cost a lot more and do a lot less.

 

LEICA M7: $5,000       top

LEICA M7

LEICA M7 ($5,000 new or about $1,700 used if you know how to win at eBay) with 50mm f/2 SUMMICRON.

The LEICA M7 (2002-today) is a rangefinder version of the Nikon FE that uses Leica's superior lenses. These superior LEICA lenses let it make sharper images than from SLR cameras.

Another reason to use the LEICA is that it and its lenses are much smaller and lighter than SLRs. For instance, most Leica lenses take tiny 39mm filters!

 

Mamiya 7: $3,900       top

Mamiya 7

Mamiya 7 body (shot with an FD-88)

The Mamiya 7, along with its sister the Mamiya 6, is the world's best camera, period.

It is super-easy to hold, shoot, and carry the complete system in the field.

It also offers the world's highest hand-holdable technical image quality. Shooting 6x7cm medium-format film, this lightweight interchangeable-lens rangefinder camera is the same or smaller in size and weight than 35mm SLRs and DSLRs, while offering far superior image quality and more convenient size and weight.

Its 70 x 56mm images are over double the area of the largest medium-format digital sensors.

The Mamiya 7's lenses are spectacular and beyond comparison. They are as good as LEICA, but for a format with over four times the image area of full-frame 35mm.

All this, and easy to carry and shoot hand-held = the world's best camera.

 

Tachihara 4x5:" $700       top

tachihara 4x5 camera

The Tachihara is a lightweight wooden 4x5" camera.

It has been one of the most popular cameras for decades for serious landscape and outdoor photography because of its ultra light weight, ability to fold up about as big as a book, its ample set of movements, and great screen.

It has recently been discontinued; I need to test some newer cameras to give personal recommendations, however I suspect that the $990 Toyo Field 45CF is also excellent, and built a lot tougher out of metal. The Tachihara usually doesn't survive falling off a tripod in the wind.

Of course you can go whole-hog and buy the classic of classics, the timeless Linhof Master Technika, for $10,000. I also use a 1956 Linhof Technika IV which is the same thing, but I grew tired of carrying the weight. Even though the light Tachihara feels flimsy, its results are what get published every month in your landscape calendars and seen on gallery walls.

 

Gift Ideas       top

 

Amazon Gift Certificates.

Amazon sells everything, so you don't need me to suggest them specifically for photographers, but don't forget about them, either.

 

$23: Galen Rowell Photo Book

More book suggestions

Galen Rowell's "Inner Game of Outdoor Photography" is an eye-openingly clear book that explains many of the reasons most people don't get the photos they want, and what then to do about it.

Galen says more in a few pages than most photo books say, period.

Everyone should read this, and if you need a gift idea, here you go.

 

$34: World's Best Pocket-sized Battery Tester

ZTS Mini-MBT

The ZTS-Mini MBT

The ZTS Mini-MBT is the same thing as the big professional ZTS MBT-1 tester I use at my desk. The only difference is that this small one fits in your camera bag (or pocket), and still tests all the batteries used by digital photographers.

I keep one of these mini testers in my bag any time I'm in the field to test AAs and the lithium batteries used by most of my film cameras.

It tests NiMH, lithium and alkaline batteries. In alkaline, it tests, 9V, N, AAA, AA, C, and D cells. It tests 3V lithium cells, like the CR123, CR2 and CRV3, and all single-cell Ni-MH. This small tester won't test odder and smaller size batteries used by older film cameras; for that you need the bigger tester.

Unlike most testers, it scientifically reads the amount of electricity or charge left in the cell, and reads it out directly in percent, not merely "OK" or "bad."

 

$150: Best Bluetooth Speaker

TDK A33

TDK A33.

It's better than speakers that cost two or three times as much!

 

$1,299: Fuji X100S

Fuji X100S

Fuji X100S.

See also my suggestions from the top of this page, however the Fuji X100S is a great gift for any photographer. Every photographer wants one, even if they don't know it yet.

Hint: if giving a camera as a gift, be sure to charge its battery and pop in a memory card so it will be ready to use as soon as it's opened.

 

Help me help you         top

I support my growing family through this website, as crazy as it might seem.

The biggest help is when you use any of these links when you get anything. It costs you nothing, and is this site's, and thus my family's, biggest source of support. eBay is always a gamble, but all the other places always have the best prices and service, which is why I've used them since before this website existed. I recommend them all personally.

If you find this page as helpful as a book you might have had to buy or a workshop you may have had to take, feel free to help me continue helping everyone.

If you've gotten your gear through one of my links or helped otherwise, you're family. It's great people like you who allow me to keep adding to this site full-time. Thanks!

If you haven't helped yet, please do, and consider helping me with a gift of $5.00.

As this page is copyrighted and formally registered, it is unlawful to make copies, especially in the form of printouts for personal use. If you wish to make a printout for personal use, you are granted one-time permission only if you PayPal me $5.00 per printout or part thereof. Thank you!

 

Thanks for reading!

 

 

Mr. & Mrs. Ken Rockwell, Ryan and Katie.

 

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