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The slight gotcha is that Canon makes digital and film cameras in three different formats.
Except for the tele suggestions, most of these won't work on the professional 1.3x, APS-H sized cameras, which are the 1D series, nor will any but these teles work on Canon's film cameras and full-frame digital cameras like the 5D and 1Ds Mk II. For these cameras, the handiest wide lens is the 17-40mm or the fatter 16-35mm f/2.8.
This is because the 1.6x focal length magnification effect of these digital cameras makes a 24-135mm lens you might already own only as wide as a 40mm lens, which isn't wide.
Likewise, even if you own the 16-35mm lens it's equivalent to a 26 - 56mm lens, not much of a zoom range. Thus for a real mid zoom you need one of these new special lenses that start very short and zoom out reasonably far. The 18-55mm is similar to a 29-88mm on a 35mm film camera and the 17-85mm IS is similar to a 27-136mm on a 35mm film camera.
The 18-55mm lens only adds $100 to most packages and I'd get it even if you already own a slew of film lenses. Personally I'd get that one since I already own and usually use either my ultrawide digital zoom or tele zoom and rarely a mid-zoom. If I often used a medium lens I'd go for the more expensive 17-85mm IS because it has a broader zoom range, faster speed at the long end and image stabilization (IS). IS does a great job of eliminating blur from hand shake. It allows sharp photos in bad light without a tripod so long as the subject is still.
See Why IS Matters for examples.
The bad news is that if you want a genuinely wide lens on any common Canon DSLR you're going to have to pay $800.
Lenses starting at 17 mm on DSLRs are the same as 28mm lenses on 35mm film cameras, so I don't consider them as wide.
The in expensive Canon 75-300mm USM (about $180) is fine for most normal people. I'd get that if you have to ask.
All the serious photographers I know have the 100-400mm IS (about $1,500) and love it for wildlife use.
For indoor sports and concerts, you'll want an f/2.8 zoom. Get the f/2.8 70-200mm zoom (about $1,200). It's obviously a professional lens.
The f/4 lenses are great; however I suggest if you're buying this lens for the purpose of indoor and night use that you'll want to go all the way (in weight and expense) for an f/2.8, or simply be happy with the slower (f/4-5.6) Canon 75-300mm USM.
If you find this as helpful as a book you might have had to buy or a workshop you may have had to take, feel free to help me write more.
Thanks for reading!