Nikon D3400 Guide:
Shooting Menu
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Nikon D3400

Nikon D3400 and included 18-55mm VR AF-P. bigger.


March 2017      Nikon D3400 Review    Nikon Reviews   Nikon Lens Reviews

How to Set and Use the D3400's Autofocus System

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Many of these menu options are often deactivated in anything except the P, S, A and M modes.


How to get to the SHOOTING Menu

Press MENU, click left and then up and down to select the camera (shooting) menu. You'll see "SHOOTING MENU" on the top of the LCD monitor.

You also can change some of these settings on the INFO screen with the ( i ) button.


What it Sets

It sets everything having to do with what film used to do: ISO, resolution, saturation, noise and etc.


What I Change

I change a lot here. This is where I get the wild colors I love.


Reset shooting menu       top

This resets everything below back to factory defaults, so play with these all you want without fear.


Image Quality        top

Set this with MENU > SHOOTING (camera icon) > Image Quality, and you also can set this with the ( i ) button.


To set this, use:

MENU > CAMERA > Image quality > JPEG basic.

This selects the kind of file (raw, JPG or both), and the size of the JPG file (FINE, NORMAL or BASIC).

I always use JPG, never raw. (see JPG vs. Raw.)

BASIC JPG looks the same as NORMAL It also makes a file half the size of Normal, which speeds up everything and saves space on my hard drives and backup CDs.

I never use FINE; it looks the same as NORMAL and wastes space twice as much space again. Feel free to use any settings you like; that's why they're here, but JPEG Basic look the same as the others and takes up much less file space.

You can see examples from a ten-year-old D200 at D200 Quality Setting Examples. They look the same, even back then.


Image Size        top

Set this with MENU > SHOOTING (camera icon) > Image Size, and you also can set this with the ( i ) button.

I use Large for things I might need to make billboard-sized, and Small for normal photos of my family. Resolution of the D3400 is so good that even at Small I can get great 20 x 30" (50 x 75 cm) prints.

At Small, the D3400 still has far more resolution than Nikon's first D1 and D1H professional cameras whose images were often printed on two-page spreads in news magazines.

Large is the default, but unless you want to print everything mural size, the files take up too much space on the card and in your computer.

To set this, use:

MENU > CAMERA > Image size > Large, Medium or Small.

For Panoramas, your choices are Normal or Wide. I use Normal; the Wide setting doesn't work.


ISO sensitivity settings        top

This is where we set the camera's sensitivity to light, and set how the camera may or may not change its sensitivity as the light varies.

To set all this, set MENU > SHOOTING (camera icon) > ISO sensitivity settings.

I always set Auto ISO, which lets the D3400 selects my ISO for me. Set this as MENU > SHOOTING (camera icon) > ISO sensitivity settings > Auto ISO sensitivity control > ON.

This is so important that I've already covered the specifics in detail on the first page of this guide.

You also can set the basic ISO with the ( i ) button.

Firmware Defect: Nikon's firmware doesn't cancel Auto ISO in manual exposure mode. This makes the D3400 change the ISO automatically and defeat the purpose of manual exposure. Remember to deactivate Auto ISO when using Manual exposure mode.


White Balance       top

You also can set this with the ( i ) button.

I'm only explaining how to set these below. How to Set White Balance and White Balance Examples explain when and why you'd want to use these settings.

I use AUTO almost always. I change it only if I'm not getting what I want.


White Balance settings


Auto (A)

I use this all the time. I don't use the other settings below.

It makes its best guess for WB. It's usually very good.

Indoor tungsten can be too orange unless you have very bright tungsten light, in which case set Tungsten.

Florescent can be too green, but hey, florescent lights are awful. Try the preset settings below.


Incandescent (hanging light bulb icon that's easy to confuse with the sun icon)

This makes the picture very blue.

Use this only for deliberate Arctic freezing effects, or under conventional tungsten light bulbs.


Fluorescent (glowing tube icon)

Used to make crappy fluorescent light look less crappy.

These settings rarely work; I use the preset setting for better results.


Direct Sunlight (sun icon)

This is for direct frontal sunlight.

Use other settings for shadows or indirect sunlight.


Flash (lightning bolt)

I never use this. It's almost the same as direct sun.

I'm told it's really for studio strobes, since the Auto mode compensates magically for flash if you use it on-camera.

The reason to use this is if you use a different trim value for your strobes than you do for sunlight.


Cloudy (cloud)

Warmer (more orange) than the sunlight position. I use this in shade, too.


Shade (house casting a shadow)

Very warm (orange). Use this for sunset shots and deep shade, or to make fall colors more orange.


Preset manual (PRE)

You can use this setting with a white or gray card to get perfect color matching.

I use this in bizarre artificial light that I wish to make look natural, or to get exact color with my studio strobes. An Expodisc makes this easier, but even without an Expodisc or white card I shoot off anything neutral, like a piece of paper, a napkin or a T-shirt.

Any light weird enough to need this setting won't care about small inaccuracies in the neutral reference.


To set this using the menus:

1.) Ensure your card or other neutral object is in the light representative of the light on the subject.

2.) Select PRE via the menu button

3.) Click to the right.

4.) Select Measure and click OK (or to the right). (The Use Photo option does the same thing, but requires twice as many steps. Ignore this option.)

5.) Select YES. PRE should be blinking both on the rear LCD as well as in the finder.

6.) Point your camera at the card or neutral colored thing and press the shutter.

7.) If the LCD says "data acquired" or the viewfinder flashes "Gd," you're set. Shoot away!

8.) If the display flashes "unable to acquire" or the viewfinder flashes "no Gd" then repeat from step 2.).


To set this much faster using the Fn button, if set to control WB:

1.) Press and hold Fn Button.

2.) Spin dial to select PRE.

3.) Release Fn Button.

4.) Press and hold Fn button until PRE flashes.

5.) Point your camera at the card or neutral colored thing and press the shutter.

6.) If the LCD says "data acquired" or the viewfinder flashes "Gd," you're set. Shoot away!

7.) If the display flashes "unable to acquire" or the viewfinder flashes "no Gd" then repeat from step 4.).


WB Trim (fine-tuning)

To fine-tune (trim, or make slightly warmer or cooler) each setting individually, after selecting it in the menu, click right to get to its trim setting. You'll see a colorful square on which you can move up, down, left and right to tweak the color in any direction you'd like.

You may adjust it to your choice of any mild tint along the amber/blue and green/magenta axes.


Set Picture Control        top

This is where you set the look of your image.

Setting this correctly is critical to getting the look you demand right out of the D3400.

It is so important that I have a complete page all about how to set and use Picture Controls.

I covered the settings I prefer to use on the first page of this guide.


Color Space       top

Don't touch this.

Leave it at sRGB unless you want duller colors that don't match.

More at Adobe RGB.


Active D-Lighting (ADR)       top

ADR (adaptive dynamic range) makes pictures look better by adding details in both shadows and highlights. It works great!

It is ON by default, and I leave it there all the time.


Noise Reduction       top

I leave it at ON.

I'd only set it OFF if I was making very long exposures and got tired of waiting for the D3400 to make duplicate dark-frame images after each shot.

It doesn't have much effect most of the time; it affects only the highest ISOs or longest exposures.


Vignette Control        top

When set to ON, the D3400 automatically corrects dark corners.

I leave mine at NORMAL.

If you turn it off, sometimes the corners can be darker, no big deal.


Auto Distortion Control        top

When set to ON, the D3400 automatically and subtly corrects geometric distortion (bending of straight lines).

It's OFF by default is because it can lose a tiny bit of sharpness towards the sides from resampling the images, and the benefits of straighter lines are only apparent in the few photos where there are straight lines running parallel and close to the edges of the frame.

This only works with lenses for which the D3400 will autofocus, otherwise the option is grayed-out.


Focus mode       top

It's easier to set Focus Mode with the ( i ) button, and you also can set it here.

Here are the explanations of the options. I leave mine at AF-A.


AF-area mode       top

Here we can set how the D3400 uses its various autofocus sensors for both regular shooting as well as with Live View.

I explain all this at How to Use the Nikon D3400 AF system.

You also can set this with the ( i ) button.


Built-in AF-Assist illuminator       top

This sets whether or not the little light in the D3400 comes on in the dark to help you focus.

I leave it ON when photographing things.

I turn it OFF when photographing people.


Metering       top

I explained these settings on the first page.

You also can set this with the ( i ) button.


Flash cntrl for built-in flash       top

Leave this at TTL, its normal setting.

Use M (manual) only if you want the flash to fire at exactly the same power each time. I wouldn't use this unless I was using the built-in flash to trigger my studio strobes.


Optical VR       top

Optical VR is image stabilization inside most Nikon lenses.

Leave this ON unless you're making long time exposures on a sturdy tripod.

Many lenses also have a switch for this, in which case leave this ON in the camera so the lens' switch will work. This menu option is for the newest AFP lenses which no longer have a switch on the lens.


Movie settings       top

This sets movie format (resolution and frame rate) as well as the audio gain.

It defaults to 1,920/60p and HIGH quality, which makes huge files. I set NORMAL quality, and 1280/50 resolution. These files look essentially the same, with much smaller file size, unless you're really aiming for theatrical release.

Microphone should be left at Auto sensitivity, unless you want to fix it manually.

Wind noise reduction is a low-cut filter. Leave it OFF unless you need it.

Manual movie settings allows one to force the movies into manual exposure, instead of the default auto ISO and auto exposure. Leave it on Auto.


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Autofocus System








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